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pilze [2019/03/07 13:53]
thomas [Basidiomycota]
pilze [2019/05/05 16:46] (aktuell)
thomas [Agaricomycotina]
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   * Art   * Art
  
-Im **Reich der Pilze (Regnum Fungi)** werden die Ascomycota und die Basidiomycota,​ zu denen alle Speisepilze gehören, im Unterreich **Dikarya** zusammengefasst.+Als **Reich der Pilze (Regnum Fungi)** werden die Ascomycota und die Basidiomycota,​ zu denen alle Speisepilze gehören, im Unterreich **Dikarya** ​als "echte Pilze" ​zusammengefasst.
  
 Die strenge hierarchische Einteilung wird in letzter Zeit kritisch diskutiert, weil sich zunehmend zeigt, daß die Verwandtschaftsverhältnisse sehr viel differenzierter sind, als bisher angenommen. Die Einordnung in ein verhältnismäßig starres System kann die Verwandschaftsverhältnisse nur ungenau abbilden. ​ Die strenge hierarchische Einteilung wird in letzter Zeit kritisch diskutiert, weil sich zunehmend zeigt, daß die Verwandtschaftsverhältnisse sehr viel differenzierter sind, als bisher angenommen. Die Einordnung in ein verhältnismäßig starres System kann die Verwandschaftsverhältnisse nur ungenau abbilden. ​
 ==== Ausgewählte Literatur über die Phylogenie des Reichs der Pilze ==== ==== Ausgewählte Literatur über die Phylogenie des Reichs der Pilze ====
  
-  * [[http://www.mycologia.org/content/98/6/829.full.pdf|Blackwell et al. (2006): Research Coordination Networks: a phylogeny for kingdom Fungi (Deep Hypha)]] +  * [[http://www2.clarku.edu/faculty/dhibbett/Reprints%20PDFs/Blackwell%20et%20al%202006%20Deep%20Hypha.pdf|Blackwell et al. (2006): Research Coordination Networks: a phylogeny for kingdom Fungi (Deep Hypha)]] 
 +  * [[https://​www.researchgate.net/​publication/​6745029_Reconstructing_the_early_evolution_of_Fungi_using_a_six-gene_phylogeny |James et al (2006): Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny]]
   * [[https://​www.researchgate.net/​publication/​6265561_A_Higher-Level_Phylogenetic_Classification_of_the_Fungi|Hibbett et al. (2007): A higher-level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi]]   * [[https://​www.researchgate.net/​publication/​6265561_A_Higher-Level_Phylogenetic_Classification_of_the_Fungi|Hibbett et al. (2007): A higher-level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi]]
- 
   * [[http://​www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/​pmc/​articles/​PMC3339314/​pdf/​msr285.pdf|Ebersberger et al. (2012): A Consistent Phylogenetic Backbone for the Fungi]]   * [[http://​www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/​pmc/​articles/​PMC3339314/​pdf/​msr285.pdf|Ebersberger et al. (2012): A Consistent Phylogenetic Backbone for the Fungi]]
 +  * [[https://​link.springer.com/​content/​pdf/​10.1007%2Fs13225-018-0401-0.pdf|Tedersoo et al. (2018): High-level classification of the Fungi and a tool for evolutionary ecological analyses]]
 +
 +
  
 **Einen guten Überblick über die Phylogenie des Pilzreichs** bietet ​ **Einen guten Überblick über die Phylogenie des Pilzreichs** bietet ​
  
-  * die Seite von Bryce Kendrick [[http://​www.mycolog.com/​fifthtoc.html|"​The fifth Kingdom"​]] ​und +  * die Seite von Bryce Kendrick [[http://​www.mycolog.com/​fifthtoc.html|"​The fifth Kingdom"​]]  
- +  * das [[http://​tolweb.org/​fungi|"​tree of life project"​]] und
   * die englischsprachige Seite von[[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Fungus|WIKIPEDIA]] (unter "​Taxonomy"​ die weiterführenden Links anklicken) ​   * die englischsprachige Seite von[[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Fungus|WIKIPEDIA]] (unter "​Taxonomy"​ die weiterführenden Links anklicken) ​
 ===== Übersichten und ausgewählte Literatur zu einzelnen Pilzgruppen ===== ===== Übersichten und ausgewählte Literatur zu einzelnen Pilzgruppen =====
  
 ==== Ascomycota ==== ==== Ascomycota ====
-Die Ascomycota bilden ihre Sporen innerhalb besonderer Zellen (Asci oder Schläuche) aus (siehe auch unten unter " Pilze in Cartoons"​).+ 
 +Die Ascomycota bilden ihre Sporen innerhalb besonderer Zellen (Asci oder Schläuche) aus (siehe auch unten unter " Pilze in Cartoons"​).{{:​uebersicht_ascomycota.pdf|Übersicht über die Hauptgruppen der Ascomycota}} 
 + 
 +  * [[https://​reader.elsevier.com/​reader/​sd/​pii/​S1055790314001523?​token=E15A96B78A7D772D063AD936E13243182059D2414C25078EDF86D0B3EB661F79E2AA6FCD6548AA288689B4AC70DACB9C|Beimforde et al. (2014): Estimating the Phanerozoic history of the Ascomycota lineages: Combining fossil and molecular data]]
   * [[http://​docserver.ingentaconnect.com/​deliver/​fasttrack/​nhn/​00315850/​conioscyphales_1445344446933.pdf?​expires=1461669920&​id=guest&​checksum=1F7C8BD57E443B7AED90A3D292309D40|Réblová,​ Seifert, Fournier & Štěpánek (2015): Newly recognised lineages of perithecial ascomycetes:​ the new orders Conioscyphales and Pleurotheciales]]   * [[http://​docserver.ingentaconnect.com/​deliver/​fasttrack/​nhn/​00315850/​conioscyphales_1445344446933.pdf?​expires=1461669920&​id=guest&​checksum=1F7C8BD57E443B7AED90A3D292309D40|Réblová,​ Seifert, Fournier & Štěpánek (2015): Newly recognised lineages of perithecial ascomycetes:​ the new orders Conioscyphales and Pleurotheciales]]
  
-=== Dothideomycetes === 
  
-  * [[http://​www.cbs.knaw.nl/​publications/​1064/​11_Phylogeny%20of%20rock-inhabiting%20fungi%20related%20to%20Dothideomycetes.pdf|Ruibal et al. (2009): Phylogeny of rock-inhabiting fungi related to Dothideomycetesconi]] 
-=== Hypocreales === 
-== Nectriaceae == 
-  * [[http://​www.sciencedirect.com/​science/​article/​pii/​S0166061614000542|Lombard et al. (2015): Generic concepts in Nectriaceae]] 
  
 === Pezizomycotina === === Pezizomycotina ===
 +
  
   * [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​98/​6/​1029.full.pdf|Hansen & Pfister (2006): Systematics of the Pezizomycetes—the operculate discomycetes]]   * [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​98/​6/​1029.full.pdf|Hansen & Pfister (2006): Systematics of the Pezizomycetes—the operculate discomycetes]]
 +  * [[https://​www.researchgate.net/​publication/​51791621_Orbilia_ultrastructure_character_evolution_and_phylogeny_of_Pezizomycotina|Kumar et al. (2012): Orbilia ultrastructure,​ character evolution and phylogeny of Pezizomycotina]]
 +  * [[https://​cals.arizona.edu/​mycoherb/​arnoldlab/​teaching/​advmycol/​Pezizomycotina.Spatafora.pdf|Spatafora et al. (2006): A five-gene phylogeny of Pezizomycotina]]
  
-  ​* [[http://www.mycologia.org/content/104/2/462.full.pdf|Kumar et al. (2012): Orbilia ultrastructure,​ character evolution and phylogeny ​of Pezizomycotina]]+=== Candelariomycetes === 
 +  ​* [[http://docserver.ingentaconnect.com/deliver/fasttrack/nhn/00315850/​xylobotryomycetes_1532679229454.pdf?​expires=1557053434&​id=guest&​checksum=74C15CA03101E16B182030B998C8D10B|Voglmeyr ​et al. (2019): Two new classes ​of Ascomycota: Xylobotryomycetes and Candelariomycetes]] 
 +=== Dothideomycetes ===
  
-  * [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​98/​6/​1018.full.pdf|Spatafora et al. (2006): A five-gene phylogeny of Pezizomycotina]] 
  
-  * [[https://​www2.clarku.edu/​faculty/​dhibbett/​Reprints%20PDFs/​Wang_et_al_2006_Helotiales.pdf|Wang,​ Binder, Schoch, Johnston, Spatafora & Hibbett (2006): Evolution of helotialean fungi (Leotiomycetes,​ Pezizomycotina):​+  ​* [[http://​www.cbs.knaw.nl/​publications/​1064/​11_Phylogeny%20of%20rock-inhabiting%20fungi%20related%20to%20Dothideomycetes.pdf|Ruibal et al. (2009): Phylogeny of rock-inhabiting fungi related to Dothideomycetesconi]] 
 +== Bipolaris == 
 +  * [[http://​ac.els-cdn.com/​S0166061614000311/​1-s2.0-S0166061614000311-main.pdf?​_tid=07528f20-0df2-11e6-95a3-00000aacb35d&​acdnat=1461924563_3bab0a9ae8abca4760353fc37c436620|Manamgoda et al. (2014): The genus Bipolaris]] 
 + 
 +=== Schizothyriaceae === 
 +  * [[http://​www.mycosphere.org/​pdf/​Mycosphere_7_2_7.pdf|Phookamsak et al: (2016): Schizothyriaceae]] 
 +=== Geoglossomycetes === 
 +  * [[https://​www.researchgate.net/​publication/​38091607_Geoglossomycetes_cl_nov_Geoglossales_ord_nov_and_taxa_above_class_rank_in_the_Ascomycota_Tree_of_Life|Schoch et al. (2009): Geoglossomycetes cl. nov., Geoglossales ord. nov. and taxa above class rank in the Ascomycota Tree of Life]] 
 + 
 + 
 +=== Leotiomycetes === 
 +    ​* [[https://​www2.clarku.edu/​faculty/​dhibbett/​Reprints%20PDFs/​Wang_et_al_2006_Helotiales.pdf|Wang,​ Binder, Schoch, Johnston, Spatafora & Hibbett (2006): Evolution of helotialean fungi (Leotiomycetes,​ Pezizomycotina):​
 A nuclear rDNA phylogeny]] A nuclear rDNA phylogeny]]
 +    * [[http://​www.mycosphere.org/​pdf/​MYCOSPHERE_10_1_7.pdf|Ekanayaka et al. (2019): Preliminary classification of Leotiomycetes]]
 === Helotiales === === Helotiales ===
      * [[https://​www.researchgate.net/​publication/​275365706_A_new_attempt_to_classify_the_families_of_the_Helotiales|Baral et al.: A new attempt to classify the families of the Helotiales]]      * [[https://​www.researchgate.net/​publication/​275365706_A_new_attempt_to_classify_the_families_of_the_Helotiales|Baral et al.: A new attempt to classify the families of the Helotiales]]
 +
 +=== Pezizomycetes ===
 === Pezizales === === Pezizales ===
  
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   * [[https://​pfistergroup.oeb.harvard.edu/​files/​dpfister/​files/​hansen_peziza_and_pezizaceae.pdf|Hansen et al. (2005): Evolutionary relationships of the cup-fungus genus Peziza and Pezizaceae inferred from multiple nuclear genes: RPB2, ß-tubulin, and LSU rDNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution]]   * [[https://​pfistergroup.oeb.harvard.edu/​files/​dpfister/​files/​hansen_peziza_and_pezizaceae.pdf|Hansen et al. (2005): Evolutionary relationships of the cup-fungus genus Peziza and Pezizaceae inferred from multiple nuclear genes: RPB2, ß-tubulin, and LSU rDNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution]]
- 
   * [[https://​pfistergroup.oeb.harvard.edu/​files/​dpfister/​files/​perry_pyronemataceae.pdf| Perry et al. (2007): A phylogenetic overview of the family Pyronemataceae (Ascomycota,​ Pezizales)]]   * [[https://​pfistergroup.oeb.harvard.edu/​files/​dpfister/​files/​perry_pyronemataceae.pdf| Perry et al. (2007): A phylogenetic overview of the family Pyronemataceae (Ascomycota,​ Pezizales)]]
-  + 
-== Helvella (Lorcheln) ​==+== Gyromitra ​==
 {{ :​gyromitra_esculenta.jpg?​direct&​300|}} {{ :​gyromitra_esculenta.jpg?​direct&​300|}}
-  * [[http://ac.els-cdn.com/S1870345315001232/​1-s2.0-S1870345315001232-main.pdf?_tid=c10fdba4-1057-11e6-a2d7-00000aacb35d&​acdnat=1462188156_14f0682e5122d8ca31a914ad3187b4d9|Landeros et al2015): Advances in the phylogeny of Helvella (Fungi: Ascomycota),​ inferred from nuclear ribosomal LSU sequences and morphological data]]+  * [[https://forum.pilze-bayern.de/index.php?topic=1502.0|Schlüssel von CHahn im Pilzforum Pilze-Bayern für die Gattung Gyromitra ​]]
  
-  * [[http://​www.ib.unam.mx/​m/​revista/​pdfs/​02-_S1133.pdf|Landeros & Guzmán-Dávalos ​(2013): Revision of the genus Helvella (Ascomycota:​ Fungi) in Mexico]]+  
 +== Helvellaceae ​(Lorcheln==
  
 +  * [[https://​www.ingentaconnect.com/​content/​nhn/​pimj/​pre-prints/​content-nbc-persoonia-0488#​|Hansen (2019): Pindara revisited – evolution and generic limits in Helvellaceae]]
 +  * [[http://​ac.els-cdn.com/​S1870345315001232/​1-s2.0-S1870345315001232-main.pdf?​_tid=c10fdba4-1057-11e6-a2d7-00000aacb35d&​acdnat=1462188156_14f0682e5122d8ca31a914ad3187b4d9|Landeros et al. 2015): Advances in the phylogeny of Helvella (Fungi: Ascomycota),​ inferred from nuclear ribosomal LSU sequences and morphological data]]
 +  * [[http://​www.ib.unam.mx/​m/​revista/​pdfs/​02-_S1133.pdf|Landeros & Guzmán-Dávalos (2013): Revision of the genus Helvella (Ascomycota:​ Fungi) in Mexico]]
   * [[https://​www.researchgate.net/​publication/​259642460_Type_studies_in_Helvella_Pezizales_1|Landeros et al. (2012): Type studies in Helvella (Pezizales)]]   * [[https://​www.researchgate.net/​publication/​259642460_Type_studies_in_Helvella_Pezizales_1|Landeros et al. (2012): Type studies in Helvella (Pezizales)]]
- 
   * [[http://​www.svims.ca/​council/​Helvel.htm|Treibs (2001): Trial Key to HELVELLACEAE in the Pacific Northwest]]   * [[http://​www.svims.ca/​council/​Helvel.htm|Treibs (2001): Trial Key to HELVELLACEAE in the Pacific Northwest]]
- 
   * [[https://​era.library.ualberta.ca/​downloads/​mw22v642z|Abbot & Kurrah (1997): The Helvellaceae:​ Systematic Revision and Occurrence in northern and northwestern Nort America]] ​   * [[https://​era.library.ualberta.ca/​downloads/​mw22v642z|Abbot & Kurrah (1997): The Helvellaceae:​ Systematic Revision and Occurrence in northern and northwestern Nort America]] ​
- 
   * Dissing (1966): The Genus Helvella in Europe   * Dissing (1966): The Genus Helvella in Europe
  
Zeile 85: Zeile 103:
  
   * [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​107/​2/​359.full.pdf|Richard,​ Bellanger, Clowez, Hansen, O’Donnell,​ Urban, Sauve, Courtecuisse & Moreau (2015): True morels (Morchella, Pezizales) of Europe and North America: evolutionary relationships inferred from multi-locus data and a unified taxonomy]], ​   * [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​107/​2/​359.full.pdf|Richard,​ Bellanger, Clowez, Hansen, O’Donnell,​ Urban, Sauve, Courtecuisse & Moreau (2015): True morels (Morchella, Pezizales) of Europe and North America: evolutionary relationships inferred from multi-locus data and a unified taxonomy]], ​
- 
   * [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​104/​5/​1159.full.pdf|Kuo, ​ Dewsbury, O’Donnell,​ Carter, Rehner, Moore, Moncalvo, Canfield, Stephen-son,​ Methven & Volk (2012): Taxonomic revision of true morels (Morchella) in Canada and the United States]]   * [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​104/​5/​1159.full.pdf|Kuo, ​ Dewsbury, O’Donnell,​ Carter, Rehner, Moore, Moncalvo, Canfield, Stephen-son,​ Methven & Volk (2012): Taxonomic revision of true morels (Morchella) in Canada and the United States]]
   ​   ​
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   == Peziza ==    == Peziza == 
   * [[https://​dash.harvard.edu/​bitstream/​handle/​1/​3153301/​Pfister_PhylogeneticDiversityCore.pdf?​sequence=1|Hansen et al. (2002): Phylogenetic diversity in the core group of Peziza inferred from ITS sequences and morphology]]   * [[https://​dash.harvard.edu/​bitstream/​handle/​1/​3153301/​Pfister_PhylogeneticDiversityCore.pdf?​sequence=1|Hansen et al. (2002): Phylogenetic diversity in the core group of Peziza inferred from ITS sequences and morphology]]
- 
   * [[http://​www.dgfm-ev.de/​sites/​default/​files/​ZM521161Hohmeyer.pdf|Hohmeyer (1986), Ein Schlüssel zu den europäischen Arten der Gattung Peziza L.]]   * [[http://​www.dgfm-ev.de/​sites/​default/​files/​ZM521161Hohmeyer.pdf|Hohmeyer (1986), Ein Schlüssel zu den europäischen Arten der Gattung Peziza L.]]
  
Zeile 104: Zeile 120:
   * [[http://​www.cbs.knaw.nl/​publications/​1064/​09_Multi-locus%20phylogeny%20of%20Pleosporales_a%20taxonomic,​%20ecological%20and%20evolutionary%20re-evaluation.pdf|Zhang et al. (2009): Multi-locus phylogeny of Pleosporales:​ a taxonomic, ecological and evolutionary re-evaluation]]   * [[http://​www.cbs.knaw.nl/​publications/​1064/​09_Multi-locus%20phylogeny%20of%20Pleosporales_a%20taxonomic,​%20ecological%20and%20evolutionary%20re-evaluation.pdf|Zhang et al. (2009): Multi-locus phylogeny of Pleosporales:​ a taxonomic, ecological and evolutionary re-evaluation]]
  
-== Bipolaris == +
-  * [[http://​ac.els-cdn.com/​S0166061614000311/​1-s2.0-S0166061614000311-main.pdf?​_tid=07528f20-0df2-11e6-95a3-00000aacb35d&​acdnat=1461924563_3bab0a9ae8abca4760353fc37c436620|Manamgoda et al. (2014): The genus Bipolaris]]+
    
-=== Schizothyriaceae === 
-  * [[http://​www.mycosphere.org/​pdf/​Mycosphere_7_2_7.pdf|Phookamsak et al: (2016): Schizothyriaceae]] 
  
 === Sordariomycetes === === Sordariomycetes ===
Zeile 114: Zeile 127:
 Der nachstehende Artikel gibt einen umfassenden Überblick über die phylogenetischen Zusammenhänge diverser Pilgruppen (u.a. Diaporthales,​ Hypocreales,​ Xylariales usw.) Der nachstehende Artikel gibt einen umfassenden Überblick über die phylogenetischen Zusammenhänge diverser Pilgruppen (u.a. Diaporthales,​ Hypocreales,​ Xylariales usw.)
  
-[[https://​www.researchgate.net/​publication/​276239691_Towards_a_natural_classification_and_backbone_tree_for_Sordariomycetes|Maharachchikumbura et al. (2015): Towards a natural classification and backbone tree for Sordariomycetes]]+  * [[https://​www.researchgate.net/​publication/​276239691_Towards_a_natural_classification_and_backbone_tree_for_Sordariomycetes|Maharachchikumbura et al. (2015): Towards a natural classification and backbone tree for Sordariomycetes]]
  
 +=== Hypocreales ===
 +== Nectriaceae ==
 +  * [[http://​www.sciencedirect.com/​science/​article/​pii/​S0166061614000542|Lombard et al. (2015): Generic concepts in Nectriaceae]]
  
 === Xylariales === === Xylariales ===
 == Daldinia == == Daldinia ==
   * [[http://​ac.els-cdn.com/​S0166061614602347/​1-s2.0-S0166061614602347-main.pdf?​_tid=615dd85e-0874-11e6-a40a-00000aab0f6b&​acdnat=1461320842_ab5821ccb47c9571c0f7fa3213e75145|Stadler et al. (2014): A polyphasic taxonomy of Daldinia (Xylariaceae) ]]   * [[http://​ac.els-cdn.com/​S0166061614602347/​1-s2.0-S0166061614602347-main.pdf?​_tid=615dd85e-0874-11e6-a40a-00000aab0f6b&​acdnat=1461320842_ab5821ccb47c9571c0f7fa3213e75145|Stadler et al. (2014): A polyphasic taxonomy of Daldinia (Xylariaceae) ]]
 +===Xylobotryomycetes===
 +  * [[http://​docserver.ingentaconnect.com/​deliver/​fasttrack/​nhn/​00315850/​xylobotryomycetes_1532679229454.pdf?​expires=1557053434&​id=guest&​checksum=74C15CA03101E16B182030B998C8D10B|Voglmeyr et al. (2019): Two new classes of Ascomycota: Xylobotryomycetes and Candelariomycetes]]
 ==== Basidiomycota ==== ==== Basidiomycota ====
 {{ :​leucoagaricus_leucothites.jpg?​direct&​300|}} {{ :​leucoagaricus_leucothites.jpg?​direct&​300|}}
-Die Basidiomycota (Ständerpilze) bilden ihre Sporen an besonderen Zellen (Basidien, Ständer) aus (siehe auch unten unter "Pilze in Cartoons"​)+Die Basidiomycota (Ständerpilze) bilden ihre Sporen an besonderen Zellen (Basidien, Ständer) aus (siehe auch unten unter "Pilze in Cartoons"​){{ :​uebersicht_basidiomycota.pdf |Übersicht über die Hauptgruppen der Basidiomycota}} 
 +==== Pucciniomycotina ==== 
 + 
 +  * [[http://​www.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/​imperia/​md/​content/​geobot/​2003/​maier_2003-phylogeny-of-the-rust-fungi.pdf|Maier et al. (2003):​Phylogeny of the rust fungi: an approach using nuclear large subunit ribosomal DNA sequences1]] 
 +==== Ustilaginomycotina ==== 
 +  * [[https://​www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/​pmc/​articles/​PMC4777779/​|Wang et al. (2015): Multigene phylogeny and taxonomic revision of yeasts and related fungi in the Ustilaginomycotina]] 
 +====Agaricomycotina===
 === Agaricales === === Agaricales ===
   * [[http://​biology.duke.edu/​fungi/​mycolab/​publications/​moncalvo2000.pdf|Moncalvo et al. (2000): Phylogenetic Relationships of Agaric Fungi Based on Nuclear Large Subunit Ribosomal DNA Sequences]]   * [[http://​biology.duke.edu/​fungi/​mycolab/​publications/​moncalvo2000.pdf|Moncalvo et al. (2000): Phylogenetic Relationships of Agaric Fungi Based on Nuclear Large Subunit Ribosomal DNA Sequences]]
- 
   * [[http://​www.sciencedirect.com/​science/​article/​pii/​S1055790302000271|Moncalvo et al. (2002): One hundred and seventeen clades of euagarics]]   * [[http://​www.sciencedirect.com/​science/​article/​pii/​S1055790302000271|Moncalvo et al. (2002): One hundred and seventeen clades of euagarics]]
- 
   * [[https://​nature.berkeley.edu/​brunslab/​ev/​matheny_etal_2007_AGARICALES.pdf|Matheny et al. (2006): Major clades of Agaricales: a multilocus phylogenetic overview]]   * [[https://​nature.berkeley.edu/​brunslab/​ev/​matheny_etal_2007_AGARICALES.pdf|Matheny et al. (2006): Major clades of Agaricales: a multilocus phylogenetic overview]]
 == Cortinarius (Dermocybe) == == Cortinarius (Dermocybe) ==
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   * [[http://​www.clarku.edu/​faculty/​dhibbett/​reprints%20pdfs/​padamsee%20etal_mpe_2008.pdf|Padamsee et al. (2008): The mushroom family Psathyrellaceae:​ Evidence for large-scale polyphyly of the genus Psathyrella]]   * [[http://​www.clarku.edu/​faculty/​dhibbett/​reprints%20pdfs/​padamsee%20etal_mpe_2008.pdf|Padamsee et al. (2008): The mushroom family Psathyrellaceae:​ Evidence for large-scale polyphyly of the genus Psathyrella]]
- 
   * [[http://​www.persoonia.org/​Issue/​22/​03.pdf|Nagy et al. (2008): Phylogeny and character evolution of the coprinoid mushroom genus Parasola as inferred from LSU and ITS nrDNA sequence data]]   * [[http://​www.persoonia.org/​Issue/​22/​03.pdf|Nagy et al. (2008): Phylogeny and character evolution of the coprinoid mushroom genus Parasola as inferred from LSU and ITS nrDNA sequence data]]
- 
   * [[http://​www.sciencedirect.com/​science/​article/​pii/​S0953756208001068|Larsson & Örstadius (2008): Fourteen coprophilous species of Psathyrella identified in the Nordic countries using morphology and nuclear rDNA sequence data]]   * [[http://​www.sciencedirect.com/​science/​article/​pii/​S0953756208001068|Larsson & Örstadius (2008): Fourteen coprophilous species of Psathyrella identified in the Nordic countries using morphology and nuclear rDNA sequence data]]
 === Tricholomataceae s. str. === === Tricholomataceae s. str. ===
Zeile 162: Zeile 182:
  
   * [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​98/​6/​971.full.pdf|Binder & Hibbett (2006): Molecular systematics and biological diversification of Boletales]]   * [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​98/​6/​971.full.pdf|Binder & Hibbett (2006): Molecular systematics and biological diversification of Boletales]]
- 
   * [[http://​www.cbs.knaw.nl/​images/​ResearchGroups/​Phytopathology/​pdf/​Nuhn%20et%20al%202013.pdf|Nuhn,​ Binder, Taylor, Halling &  Hibbett (2013): Phylogenetic overview of the Boletineae]]   * [[http://​www.cbs.knaw.nl/​images/​ResearchGroups/​Phytopathology/​pdf/​Nuhn%20et%20al%202013.pdf|Nuhn,​ Binder, Taylor, Halling &  Hibbett (2013): Phylogenetic overview of the Boletineae]]
- 
   * [[http://​www.cybertruffle.org.uk/​cyberliber/​|Pegler & Young (1981): A natural arrangement of the Boletales, with reference to spore morphology]]   * [[http://​www.cybertruffle.org.uk/​cyberliber/​|Pegler & Young (1981): A natural arrangement of the Boletales, with reference to spore morphology]]
- 
   * [[http://​www.gbif.org/​species/​1063|Die Boletales aus Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)]]   * [[http://​www.gbif.org/​species/​1063|Die Boletales aus Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)]]
  
Zeile 175: Zeile 192:
 Die Boletaceae gliedern sich nach [[http://​link.springer.com/​article/​10.1007/​s13225-014-0283-8|Wu et al.]] in sieben Unterfamilien mit 59 Gruppen auf Gattungsebene zuzüglich der Gattungen, die in diese Untersuchung nicht einbezogen waren, wie  Die Boletaceae gliedern sich nach [[http://​link.springer.com/​article/​10.1007/​s13225-014-0283-8|Wu et al.]] in sieben Unterfamilien mit 59 Gruppen auf Gattungsebene zuzüglich der Gattungen, die in diese Untersuchung nicht einbezogen waren, wie 
  
-  * die von Murrill bereits 1909 in der Mycologia 1(1):16 beschriebene Gattung __Suillellus__ (Boletus luridus)[[http://​www.indexfungorum.org/​Publications/​Index%20Fungorum%20no.188.pdf|(mehr)]] , die von Singer 1952 aufgestellte Gattung Phylloboletellus [[http://​fuse-journal.org/​images/​Issues/​Vol2Art10.pdf|(mehr)]],​ die von Pacioni & Sharp 2000 in Mycotaxon 75:​225–228 aufgestellte Gattung __Mackintoshia__,​ die von Desjardin et al. 2008 aufgestellte Gattung [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​100/​6/​956.full.pdf|Durianella]],​ und die von Orihara et al. 2010 aufgestellte Gattung [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​102/​1/​108.full.pdf|Heliogaster]]. ​ Die Stellung der Gattung Phyllobolites [[http://​fuse-journal.org/​images/​Issues/​Vol2Art10.pdf|(mehr)]] ist unklar. Die von Horak 1971 beschriebene Gattung __Notholepiota__ gehört nach Nuhn et al. (Phylogenetic overview of the Boletineae, Fungal Biology, Volume 117, Issues 7–8: 479-511; 2013) in die Unterfamilie der Boletoideae (evtl. ein Synonym zu Xanthoconium)+  * die von Murrill bereits 1909 in der Mycologia 1(1):16 beschriebene Gattung __Suillellus__ (Boletus luridus)[[http://​www.indexfungorum.org/​Publications/​Index%20Fungorum%20no.188.pdf|(mehr)]] , die von Singer 1952 aufgestellte Gattung Phylloboletellus [[http://​fuse-journal.org/​images/​Issues/​Vol2Art10.pdf|(mehr)]],​ die von Pacioni & Sharp 2000 in Mycotaxon 75:​225–228 aufgestellte ​und inzwischen den Boletaceae (vgl. Smith et al. 2015) zugeordnete ​Gattung __Mackintoshia__,​ die von Desjardin et al. 2008 aufgestellte Gattung [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​100/​6/​956.full.pdf|Durianella]],​ und die von Orihara et al. 2010 aufgestellte Gattung [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​102/​1/​108.full.pdf|Heliogaster]]. ​ Die Stellung der Gattung Phyllobolites [[http://​fuse-journal.org/​images/​Issues/​Vol2Art10.pdf|(mehr)]] ist unklar. Die von Horak 1971 beschriebene Gattung __Notholepiota__ gehört nach Nuhn et al. (Phylogenetic overview of the Boletineae, Fungal Biology, Volume 117, Issues 7–8: 479-511; 2013) in die Unterfamilie der Boletoideae (evtl. ein Synonym zu Xanthoconium)
  
 oder nach dieser Veröffentlichung beschrieben worden sind: oder nach dieser Veröffentlichung beschrieben worden sind:
  
-  * [[http://​www.tandfonline.com/​doi/​full/​10.1080/​00275514.2017.1301750|Afrocastellanoa]],​ [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​early/​2014/​06/​02/​14-042.full.pdf|Alessioporus (Xerocomus ichnusanus) und Pulchroboletus (Xerocomus roseoalbidus)]],​ [[http://​link.springer.com/​article/​10.1007/​s13225-015-0322-0|Baorangia,​ Lanmaoa, Parvixerocomus,​ und Rugiboletus]],​ [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​early/​2015/​10/​15/​15-075.abstract|Binderoboletus,​ Guyanaporus und Singerocomus]] [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​106/​3/​464|Butyriboletus (Boletus appendiculatus)]],​ [[http://​www.indexfungorum.org/​Publications/​Index%20Fungorum%20no.146.pdf|Caloboletus (Boletus calopus)]], [[http://​link.springer.com/​article/​10.1007%2Fs13225-016-0375-8|Chiua,​ Hymenoboletus,​ Tengioboletus und Tylocinum]],​[[http://​groups.kib.cas.cn/​klpb/​yzl/​tnh_fblw/​201408/​P020140812469103340115.pdf|Crocinoboletus (Boletus rufoaureus)]],​ [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​early/​2015/​08/​07/​15-070.abstract|Cupreoboletus]],​[[http://​www.indexfungorum.org/​Publications/​Index%20Fungorum%20no.176.pdf|Cyanoboletus (Boletus pulverulentus)]],​ [[http://​manu40.magtech.com.cn/​Jwxb/​EN/​article/​searchArticle.do|Erythrophylloporus]],​ [[http://​www.indexfungorum.org/​Publications/​Index%20Fungorum%20no.183.pdf|Exsudoporus (Boletus permagnificus)]],​ [[http://​www.indexfungorum.org/​Publications/​Index%20Fungorum%20no.244.pdf |Hortiboletus (Xerocomellus rubellus) und Rheubarbariboletus (Xerocomellus armeniacus, X. persicolor)]],​ [[http://​link.springer.com/​article/​10.1007%2Fs11557-015-1060-0|Hourangia (Xerocomus cheoi/​punctilifer,​ Phylloporus pumilus)]], [[http://​www.indexfungorum.org/​Publications/​Index%20Fungorum%20no.147.pdf|Imleria (Boletus badius)]], [[http://​www.indexfungorum.org/​Publications/​Index%20Fungorum%20no.243.pdf|Imperator (Boletus torosus)]] [[http://​boletales.com/​phylogenetics/​|(mehr)]],​ [[http://​www.imafungus.org/​Issue/​62/​13.pdf|Jimtrappea,​ Castellanea und Costatisporus]],​ [[http://​www.imafungus.org|Kombocles]],​ [[http://​www.indexfungorum.org/​Publications/​Index%20Fungorum%20no.192.pdf|Neoboletus (Boletus luridiformis)]], ​ [[http://​journals.plos.org/​plosone/​search?​filterStartDate=&​q=nigroboletus&​resultsPerPage=15&​filterSubjects=Biology+and+life+sciences&​filterJournals=PLoSONE&​page=1&​filterEndDate=|Nigroboletus]],​ [[http://​fuse-journal.org/​images/​Issues/​Vol2Art10.pdf|Phylloporopsis]],​ [[http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11557-014-1011-1|Pseudoaustroboletus (Tylopilus valens)]], [[http://​www.mapress.com/​phytotaxa/​content/​2014/​f/​p00188p077f.pdf|Rubroboletus (Boletus sinicus, B. satanas)]], ​            ​[[https://​www.researchgate.net/​publication/​327659066_Spongispora_temasekensis_a_new_boletoid_genus_and_species_from_Singapore|Spongispora]],​ [[http://​www.ingentaconnect.com/​content/​nhn/​pimj/​pre-prints/​content-nbc_persoonia_0350|Turmalinea]].+  * [[http://​www.tandfonline.com/​doi/​full/​10.1080/​00275514.2017.1301750|Afrocastellanoa]],​ [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​early/​2014/​06/​02/​14-042.full.pdf|Alessioporus (Xerocomus ichnusanus) und Pulchroboletus (Xerocomus roseoalbidus)]],​ [[http://​link.springer.com/​article/​10.1007/​s13225-015-0322-0|Baorangia,​ Lanmaoa, Parvixerocomus,​ und Rugiboletus]],​ [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​early/​2015/​10/​15/​15-075.abstract|Binderoboletus,​ Guyanaporus und Singerocomus]] [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​106/​3/​464|Butyriboletus (Boletus appendiculatus)]],​ [[http://​www.indexfungorum.org/​Publications/​Index%20Fungorum%20no.146.pdf|Caloboletus (Boletus calopus)]], [[http://​www.fungalplanet.org/​content/​pdf-files/​FungalPlanet825.pdf|Carolinigaster]], [[http://​link.springer.com/​article/​10.1007%2Fs13225-016-0375-8|Chiua,​ Hymenoboletus,​ Tengioboletus und Tylocinum]],​[[http://​groups.kib.cas.cn/​klpb/​yzl/​tnh_fblw/​201408/​P020140812469103340115.pdf|Crocinoboletus (Boletus rufoaureus)]],​ [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​early/​2015/​08/​07/​15-070.abstract|Cupreoboletus]],​[[http://​www.indexfungorum.org/​Publications/​Index%20Fungorum%20no.176.pdf|Cyanoboletus (Boletus pulverulentus)]],​ [[http://​manu40.magtech.com.cn/​Jwxb/​EN/​article/​searchArticle.do|Erythrophylloporus]],​ [[http://​www.indexfungorum.org/​Publications/​Index%20Fungorum%20no.183.pdf|Exsudoporus (Boletus permagnificus)]],​ [[http://​www.indexfungorum.org/​Publications/​Index%20Fungorum%20no.244.pdf |Hortiboletus (Xerocomellus rubellus) und Rheubarbariboletus (Xerocomellus armeniacus, X. persicolor)]],​ [[http://​link.springer.com/​article/​10.1007%2Fs11557-015-1060-0|Hourangia (Xerocomus cheoi/​punctilifer,​ Phylloporus pumilus)]], [[http://​www.indexfungorum.org/​Publications/​Index%20Fungorum%20no.147.pdf|Imleria (Boletus badius)]], [[https://​link.springer.com/​article/​10.1007/​s11557-018-01463-1|Ionosporus]],​ [[https://​www.researchgate.net/​publication/​329917380_Indoporus_shoreae_gen_et_sp_nov_Boletaceae_from_tropical_India|Indoporus]], [[http://​www.indexfungorum.org/​Publications/​Index%20Fungorum%20no.243.pdf|Imperator (Boletus torosus)]] [[http://​boletales.com/​phylogenetics/​|(mehr)]],​ [[http://​www.imafungus.org/​Issue/​62/​13.pdf|Jimtrappea,​ Castellanea und Costatisporus]],​ [[http://​www.imafungus.org|Kombocles]],​ [[http://​www.indexfungorum.org/​Publications/​Index%20Fungorum%20no.192.pdf|Neoboletus (Boletus luridiformis)]], ​ [[http://​journals.plos.org/​plosone/​search?​filterStartDate=&​q=nigroboletus&​resultsPerPage=15&​filterSubjects=Biology+and+life+sciences&​filterJournals=PLoSONE&​page=1&​filterEndDate=|Nigroboletus]],​ [[http://​fuse-journal.org/​images/​Issues/​Vol2Art10.pdf|Phylloporopsis]],​ [[http://groups.kib.cas.cn/klpb/yzl/tnh_fblw/​201509/​P020150928549725227758.pdf|Pseudoaustroboletus (Tylopilus valens)]], [[http://​www.mapress.com/​phytotaxa/​content/​2014/​f/​p00188p077f.pdf|Rubroboletus (Boletus sinicus, B. satanas)]], ​            ​[[https://​www.researchgate.net/​publication/​327659066_Spongispora_temasekensis_a_new_boletoid_genus_and_species_from_Singapore|Spongispora]],​ [[http://​www.ingentaconnect.com/​content/​nhn/​pimj/​pre-prints/​content-nbc_persoonia_0350|Turmalinea]].
  
-{{http://​sweetgum.nybg.org/​science/​projects/​boletineae/​wp-content/​uploads/​sites/​6/​2017/01/​synopsis_list.pdf|Gattungsbeschreibungen von Halling (in englisch) von 2017}}+[[http://​sweetgum.nybg.org/​science/​projects/​boletineae/​wp-content/​uploads/​sites/​6/​2019/02/​synopsis_list.pdf|Gattungsbeschreibungen von Halling (in englisch) von 2019]]
  
 __Aktualisierte Übersichten__ __Aktualisierte Übersichten__
Zeile 187: Zeile 204:
   * {{:​boletaceae_unterfamilien.pdf|Die Unterfamilien der Boletaceae}}   * {{:​boletaceae_unterfamilien.pdf|Die Unterfamilien der Boletaceae}}
   * {{:​xerocomoideae_leccinoideae.pdf|Die Xerocomoideae und die Leccinoideae}},​ siehe dazu {{:​leccinoideae_nach_wu_et_al._2018_.pdf|Leccinoid clade nach Wu et al., 2018}}   * {{:​xerocomoideae_leccinoideae.pdf|Die Xerocomoideae und die Leccinoideae}},​ siehe dazu {{:​leccinoideae_nach_wu_et_al._2018_.pdf|Leccinoid clade nach Wu et al., 2018}}
-  * {{boletoideae_austroboletoideae_2_.pdf|Die Boletoideae und Austroboletoideae}}+  * {{:boletoideae_austroboletoideae_2_.pdf|Die Boletoideae und Austroboletoideae}}
   * {{:​pulveroboletus-group.pdf|Die "​Pulveroboletus-Group"​}}   * {{:​pulveroboletus-group.pdf|Die "​Pulveroboletus-Group"​}}
   * {{:​zangioideae_pseudoboletus_chalciporoideae.pdf|Die Zangoideae, Pseudoboletus und die Chalciporoideae}}   * {{:​zangioideae_pseudoboletus_chalciporoideae.pdf|Die Zangoideae, Pseudoboletus und die Chalciporoideae}}
Zeile 205: Zeile 222:
 === Corticiales ===  === Corticiales === 
  
-[[https://​www.researchgate.net/​publication/​5865680_Re-thinking_the_classification_of_corticioid_fungi|Larsson (2007): Re-thinking the classification of corticioid fungi]] +  * [[https://​www.researchgate.net/​publication/​5865680_Re-thinking_the_classification_of_corticioid_fungi|Larsson (2007): Re-thinking the classification of corticioid fungi]] 
- +  ​* ​[[https://​www.researchgate.net/​publication/​51183712_Remarkable_nutritional_diversity_of_basidiomycetes_in_the_Corticiales_including_a_new_foliicolous_species_of_Marchandiomyces_Anamorphic_Basidiomycota_Corticiaceae_from_Australia|Lawrey et al. (2008): Remarkable nutritional diversity of basidiomycetes in the Corticiales,​ including a new foliicolous species of Marchandiomyces (Anamorphic Basidiomycota,​ Corticiaceae) from Australia]]
-[[https://​www.researchgate.net/​publication/​51183712_Remarkable_nutritional_diversity_of_basidiomycetes_in_the_Corticiales_including_a_new_foliicolous_species_of_Marchandiomyces_Anamorphic_Basidiomycota_Corticiaceae_from_Australia|Lawrey et al. (2008): Remarkable nutritional diversity of basidiomycetes in the Corticiales,​ including a new foliicolous species of Marchandiomyces (Anamorphic Basidiomycota,​ Corticiaceae) from Australia]]+
  
  
Zeile 218: Zeile 234:
  
 === Jaapiales === === Jaapiales ===
-  * siehe Amylocorticiales+  *  ​[[https://​www2.clarku.edu/​departments/​biology/​pdf/​Amylocorticiales.pdf|Binder et al. (2010): Amylocorticiales ord. nov. and Jaapiales ord. nov.: Early diverging clades of Agaricomycetidae dominated by corticioid forms]] 
  
 === Phallomycetidae (Hysterangiales,​ Geastrales, Gomphales und Phallales)=== === Phallomycetidae (Hysterangiales,​ Geastrales, Gomphales und Phallales)===
Zeile 228: Zeile 245:
 {{:​ueberblick_polyporales.pdf |Überblick über die Polyporales nach Zmitrovich (2018)}} {{:​ueberblick_polyporales.pdf |Überblick über die Polyporales nach Zmitrovich (2018)}}
   * [[https://​www.fs.fed.us/​nrs/​pubs/​jrnl/​2017/​nrs_2017_justo_001.pdf|Justo et al. (2017): A revised family-level classification of the Polyporales (Basidiomycota)]]   * [[https://​www.fs.fed.us/​nrs/​pubs/​jrnl/​2017/​nrs_2017_justo_001.pdf|Justo et al. (2017): A revised family-level classification of the Polyporales (Basidiomycota)]]
- 
   * [[http://​www.cbs.knaw.nl/​images/​ResearchGroups/​Phytopathology/​pdf/​2013%20Binder%20Polyporales.pdf|Binder et al. (2013): Phylogenetic and phylogenomic overview of the Polyporales]]   * [[http://​www.cbs.knaw.nl/​images/​ResearchGroups/​Phytopathology/​pdf/​2013%20Binder%20Polyporales.pdf|Binder et al. (2013): Phylogenetic and phylogenomic overview of the Polyporales]]
- 
   * [[http://​www.umich.edu/​~mycology/​resources/​Publications/​james.mycologia.2013.pdf|James et al. (2013): Polyporales genomes reveal the genetic architecture underlying tetrapolar and bipolar mating systems]]   * [[http://​www.umich.edu/​~mycology/​resources/​Publications/​james.mycologia.2013.pdf|James et al. (2013): Polyporales genomes reveal the genetic architecture underlying tetrapolar and bipolar mating systems]]
- 
   * [[https://​onlinelibrary.wiley.com/​doi/​10.1111/​j.1096-0031.2011.00380.x|Miettinen et al. (2011):​Comprehensive taxon sampling reveals unaccounted diversity and morphological plasticity in a group of dimitic polypores (Polyporales,​ Basidiomycota) - Abstract -]]   * [[https://​onlinelibrary.wiley.com/​doi/​10.1111/​j.1096-0031.2011.00380.x|Miettinen et al. (2011):​Comprehensive taxon sampling reveals unaccounted diversity and morphological plasticity in a group of dimitic polypores (Polyporales,​ Basidiomycota) - Abstract -]]
- 
   * [[http://​gup.ub.gu.se/​publication/​112581-a-multi-locus-phylogeny-of-the-polyporales|Sjökvist et al. (2009):A multi-locus phylogeny of the Polyporales]]   * [[http://​gup.ub.gu.se/​publication/​112581-a-multi-locus-phylogeny-of-the-polyporales|Sjökvist et al. (2009):A multi-locus phylogeny of the Polyporales]]
  
Zeile 245: Zeile 258:
 Towards a Phylogeny of Trametes Alliance (Basisiomycota,​ Polygonales) - Einordnung und Abgrenzung der Gattung Trametes]] Towards a Phylogeny of Trametes Alliance (Basisiomycota,​ Polygonales) - Einordnung und Abgrenzung der Gattung Trametes]]
  
- 
-=== Pucciniales === 
- 
-  * [[http://​www.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/​imperia/​md/​content/​geobot/​2003/​maier_2003-phylogeny-of-the-rust-fungi.pdf|Maier et al. (2003):​Phylogeny of the rust fungi: an approach using nuclear large subunit ribosomal DNA sequences1]] 
  
 === Russulales === === Russulales ===
  
-Überblick über die **Russulales** (Familien) +{{::​ueberblick_ueber_die_familien_der_russulales.pdf|Überblick über die Russulales (Familien)}}  
- +  * [[https://​www.researchgate.net/​publication/​49674863_Phylogenetic_Relationships_of_Russuloid_Basidiomycetes_with_Emphasis_on_Aphyllophoralean_Taxa|Larsson & Larsson (2003)Phylogenetic Relationships of Russuloid Basidiomycetes with Emphasis on Aphyllophoralean Taxa]] 
-{{::ueberblick_ueber_die_familien_der_russulales.pdf|Die Familien der Russulales}} +  * [[https://​cals.arizona.edu/​mycoherb/​arnoldlab/​teaching/​advmycol/​Russulales.Miller.pdf|Miller et al. (2006): Perspectives in the new Russulales]] 
 +  * [[http://​www.fungaldiversity.org/​fdp/​sfdp/​28-2.pdf|Buyck et al (2007): Walking the thin line between Russula and Lactarius: the dilemma of Russula subsect. Ochricompactae]] 
 +  * [[http://​docserver.ingentaconnect.com/​deliver/​fasttrack/​nhn/​00315850/​russulaceae_1554464110306.pdf?​expires=1556356849&​id=guest&​checksum=EE15196390AD61378BCA3981A66FEAEB|Vidal et al. 2019: A phylogenetic and taxonomic revision of sequestrate Russulaceae in Mediterranean and temperate Europe]]
  
  === Stereopsidales ===  === Stereopsidales ===
  
   * {{:​stereopsidales_-_a_2014_sjoekvist_et_al._-_new_order_of_mushroom-forming_fungi.pdf|Sjoekvist et al. (2014) -  Stereopsidales - A New Order of Mushroom-Forming Fungi}}   * {{:​stereopsidales_-_a_2014_sjoekvist_et_al._-_new_order_of_mushroom-forming_fungi.pdf|Sjoekvist et al. (2014) -  Stereopsidales - A New Order of Mushroom-Forming Fungi}}
 +====Andere pilzähnliche Organismengruppen====
 +Neben den "​echten Pilzen"​ gibt es diverse andere pilzähnliche Gruppen von Organismen, die traditionell der Pilzkunde zugeordnet werden (siehe auch oben: Blackwell et al., Ebersberger et al. und Tedersoo et al.) 
 +  * [[https://​www.tandfonline.com/​doi/​pdf/​10.3852/​16-042?​needAccess=true|Spatafora et al. (2016): A phylum-level phylogenetic classification of zygomycete fungi based on genome-scale data]]
 +
 ==== Glomeromycota ==== ==== Glomeromycota ====
   * [[http://​schuessler.userweb.mwn.de/​amphylo/​species_infos/​glomeromycota+archaeosporales+paraglomerales+diversisporales/​glomeromycota+archaeosporales+paraglomerales+diversisporales.pdf|Schüßler et al. (2001): A new fungal phylum, the Glomeromycota:​ phylogeny and evolution]]   * [[http://​schuessler.userweb.mwn.de/​amphylo/​species_infos/​glomeromycota+archaeosporales+paraglomerales+diversisporales/​glomeromycota+archaeosporales+paraglomerales+diversisporales.pdf|Schüßler et al. (2001): A new fungal phylum, the Glomeromycota:​ phylogeny and evolution]]
  
   * [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​98/​6/​885.full.pdf|Redecker & Raab (2006): Phylogeny of the Glomeromycota (arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi): recent developments and new gene markers]]   * [[http://​www.mycologia.org/​content/​98/​6/​885.full.pdf|Redecker & Raab (2006): Phylogeny of the Glomeromycota (arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi): recent developments and new gene markers]]
- 
 ==== Oomycota ==== ==== Oomycota ====
-  * [[http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00709-011-0269-2#​|Beakes et al. (2010): The evolutionary phylogeny of the oomycete “fungi”]] ​ +  * [[https://www.academia.edu/22532045/The_evolutionary_phylogeny_of_the_oomycete_fungi_|Beakes et al. (2010): The evolutionary phylogeny of the oomycete “fungi”]] ​
 ===== Originalartikel und Bestimmungsschlüssel ===== ===== Originalartikel und Bestimmungsschlüssel =====
   * [[http://​www.stefan-buerger.de/​html/​bugapdf/​bugapilz.pdf|KOECK,​ J., BÜRGER, S., LUDWIG, E., OßKE, F. (1997/​2002):​ Pilze im Britzer Garten Berlin]]   * [[http://​www.stefan-buerger.de/​html/​bugapdf/​bugapilz.pdf|KOECK,​ J., BÜRGER, S., LUDWIG, E., OßKE, F. (1997/​2002):​ Pilze im Britzer Garten Berlin]]
pilze.1551963204.txt.gz · Zuletzt geändert: 2019/03/07 13:53 von thomas

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